Modern Medicine: Why Your Genome Plays A Huge Role – Part 1
Hi Longevity Insider,
Our DNA determines an overwhelming amount of information about who we are...
But other factors can also influence our health expression.Over the past few decades, the science and technology, and their applications in genomic have made breakthrough progress. Genomic data and genomic medicine services have become relevant in clinical applications as more and more clinicians use genomic data with the diagnosis and treatment of patients. How is genomics being used in medicine?
Let’s first start with answering: What is a Genomics?
In last week’s blog, we briefly discussed the Human Genome Project – a research project that successfully sequenced for the first time the entire human genome. This landmark effort was a breakthrough biomedical discovery in Genomics. Genomics is the study of your Genome, which is all your genes, including how your genes interact with each other and with your environment.
This is an exciting field in medicine as clinicians and researchers can analyze a genomics approach to understand the mechanisms of disease and work towards a preventative approach.
Clinical Application Difference between Genomics vs Genetics
Genomics refers to the study of your global genomic blueprint and how it orchestrates dynamic biochemical processes which influence your current state of health.
Genetics refers to a specific division of genomic medicine that focuses on rare disease findings associated with specific inherited gene mutations, inborn errors of metabolism.
The Institute for Human Optimization not focusing on the rare and obscure but translating your global genomic blueprint to self-decode and translate this information into actionable outcomes to harness your health potential.
Genomics in Medicine Today
Genomics allows providers to practice in a proactive care delivery mode. Modern genomics is being used in the following:
- Prenatal Genetic Screening Tests
- Cancer Research
- Polygenic Risk Scores
- Preimplantation diagnosis
- Companion diagnostics for prescribed drugs
- Epigenetics and gene regulation
- Next-generation sequencing
- Looking at the patient’s exome
Prenatal Genetic Screening Tests: Widely used currently, clinicians use genomic data during first and second trimester Prenatal Genetic Screening Tests which looks at a very small amount of fetal DNA (done by a simple blood draw) which looks at whether the fetus has certain genetic disorders such as Sickle Cell Disease, Cystic Fibrosis, and more.
Cancer Research: Genome sequencing in Cancer is a clinical area where genomics is being heavily researched. By using genomic data, researched have a better understanding of the biology of cancer and are leveraging this to find new ways to treat the disease. Additionally, utilizing genomic data is a promising step to predict cancer risk, prognosis, and precise response to treatment.
But there's more. On Thursday, I'll share more on how genomics plays such a huge role in modern medicine.
To your longevity,
Anil Bajnath MD
CEO/Founder, Institute for Human Optimization
Chief Medical Officer, Longevity Insider HQ